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Odissi is one of the eight classical dance forms of India. It originates from the state of Orissa now it called Odisha, in eastern India. It is the oldest surviving dance form of India on the basis of archaeological evidences.

On 2nd century BCE, the first clear picture of Odissi dance is found in the Manchapuri cave in Udayagiri caves, Khandagiri Caves and Jain Caves in Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Odisha. Temples such as Jagannath Temple and Konark Sun Temple abound with an array of dancing sculptures carved into the temple walls. Later it got attached with the temple culture of Orissa. Starting with the rituals of Jagannath Temple in Puri it was regularly performed in Shaivite, Vaishnavite and Sakta temples in Orissa by Oriya Devadasis or temple girls.

It is particularly distinguished from other classical Indian dance forms by the importance it places upon the Tribhangi (literally: three parts break), the independent movement of head, chest and pelvis and upon the basic square stance known as Chauka or Chouka that symbolizes Lord Jagannath. In the late forties and early fifties were the four major gurus who revived Odissi, are like Padama Vibushan Kelucharan Mohapatra, Guru Pankaj Charan Das, Guru Deba Prasad Das and Guru Raghunath Dutta.